The Millennium University Journal 2024-02-24T15:34:30+00:00 Associate Professor Dr. K. M. Anwarul Islam Open Journal Systems <p><em><strong>The Millennium University Journal</strong> </em>is a double-blind, international refereed academic journal published by the university. TMU Journal was established in 2016. TMU Journal [ISSN: 2225-2533(P)] embraces the full range of subject coverage and the increasingly wide range of approaches and perspectives that can be brought to bear upon the discipline. We welcome, therefore, both traditional and modern approaches to the field like:--</p> <p>Business</p> <p>Literature &amp; Linguistics</p> <p>Law</p> <p>Computer Science &amp; ICT</p> <p>From close critical readings of literary texts to interdisciplinary approaches or cross-subject analysis.</p> INTERCONNECTION RESULTANT EFFECT OF TWO INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES, MENTAL ABILITY AND GENDER, ON LEARNERS’ ACHIEVEMENT IN ABSTRACT CONCEPTS IN BIOLOGY 2024-02-24T14:58:34+00:00 Adewumi Gabriel Segun Ogundiwin Oluyemi Akinleye Olayemi Aderokun Asaaju <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>This study looked at how students' success in grasping abstract concepts in biology was affected by cognitive capacity, Gender, and two different teaching philosophies (project and Inquiry)—a quasi-experimental paradigm known as the pretest-posttest control group design was employed in the study. 120 SSII Biology students were split into treatment and control groups. The students came from six coeducational schools in two Local Government Areas in Kwara State. The tests were the Biology Students Mental Ability Test (r=0.87), the test measuring understanding of abstract concepts in biology (r=0.86), and instructional manuals on inquiry and project techniques. At the 0.05 significance level, three research questions and three hypotheses were examined. The collected data were analyzed using a covariance study, which found that there was a significant 3-way interconnection (interaction effect) between treatment, mental capacity, and gender and learners' accomplishment in abstract ideas in biology (F2,107) = 5.757, P&gt; 0.05). Low mental ability female students (x ̅=24.00) had a lower mean score in project strategy than low mental ability male students ((x) ̅=24.43). In the inquiry strategy, low mental ability male students' mean score (x ̅ = 22.33) was superior to that of low mental ability female students (x ̅ = 20.75); in contrast, the conventional Strategy's mean score (x ̅ = 14.33) for low mental ability male students was superior to that of high mental ability female students (x ̅ = 13.47). The study's conclusions led to the recommendation that project and inquiry methodologies be used to raise students' mental ability and achievement in abstract concepts in biology, among others.</em></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>JEL Classification Codes: </strong>C00, C18, C90.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2024-02-24T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Adewumi Gabriel Segun, Ogundiwin Oluyemi Akinleye , Olayemi Aderokun Asaaju PERCEIVED SELF-EFFICACY, PEER GROUP PRESSURE, AND FAMILY CONNECTEDNESS AS PSYCHOLOGICAL DETERMINANTS OF SEXUAL RISK BEHAVIOURS 2024-02-24T15:34:30+00:00 Joseph Babjide Oyadeyi Oladele Omolara Popoola Balqis Olabisi <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>The present study aimed to examine the psychological factors of perceived self-efficacy, peer group pressure, and family connectedness in relation to sexually risky behaviors and sexual permissiveness among Undergraduate students in the Ibadan metropolis. The current investigation used a cross-sectional research strategy and surveyed 327 randomly chosen first-year students from the University of Ibadan. Out of the total sample size, 169 individuals (51.7%) were identified as males, and 158 individuals (48.3%) were females. Data was collected via a self-report questionnaire with standardized scale items measuring peer pressure, self-efficacy, and family connectedness. The formulated hypotheses were tested using inferential statistics at a 0.05 significance level. The findings of this study indicate that self-efficacy, peer group pressure, and family connectedness collectively exert a substantial impact on risky sexual behavior. Specifically, peer group pressure exhibited a positive relationship with risky sexual behavior, while family connectedness demonstrated a negative. The analysis of the primary variables in this study demonstrated a significant and positive association between self-efficacy and risky sexual behavior, as well as between peer group pressure and risky sexual behavior. There is a need for further investigation into psychological variables as potential indicators of risky sexual behavior, given the growing prevalence of sexual engagement among adolescents and young adults.</em></p> <p><strong>JEL Classification Codes: </strong>D60,&nbsp;I12,&nbsp;I21.</p> 2024-02-24T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Joseph Babjide Oyadeyi, Oladele Omolara, Popoola Balqis Olabisi