An Analysis of Socio-Economic Condition of Female Readymade Garments’ (RMG) Workers in Dhaka City

  • Sheikh Abdul Kader Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, Faculty of Social Sciences, Jagannath University & PhD Scholar, Sakarya University, Turkey
  • Nurul Mohammad Zayed Assistant Professor & Head, Department of Real Estate, Daffodil International University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Sunjida Khan Senior Lecturer, Department of Business Administration, Daffodil International University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • K. M. Anwarul Islam Associate Professor and Research Coordinator, Department of Business Administration, The Millennium University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Md Nurul Amin Siddiki Founder &Executive Director, Research Concern & Development Foundation (RCDF), Bangladesh
Keywords: Female RMGs Worker, Dhaka Metropolitan, Personal Interviews, Average Salary, Family Expenses, High Living Cost, Minimum Wages, Wage Structure.

Abstract

The RMG sector of Bangladesh is playing a vital role to generate massive employment, particularly a significant portion of female workers are engaged in this sector. Therefore, this industry is treated as a leading contributor to generating female employment in Bangladesh. Before analyzing the living condition of the RMG female workers, we should have to know about the income of the RMG female workers. Study shows that 42% of female RMG workers are satisfied, and 16% of the workers are dissatisfied, and 31% of the workers do express their opinion regarding their earning. In most case, female workers is the only one earning members in the family Satisfaction level of the workers is a subjective judgment. The housing condition of female workers in Dhaka city is not well at all. In our survey observed that the maximum number of the garments workers stay in the rural and overcrowded area in Dhaka city like workers who live in Hazaribag, Kamrangirchor, who works in the factory located at Panthapath. The workers of RMG sectors are involved in the direct physical effort every day. According to the Bangladesh Labor Act of 2006, the maximum working hours of garment workers is 8 hours. But they have to work over 8 hours per day. But most of the female workers have to work over 8 hours. This has a look at indicates that that female garment workers in Dhaka city are doing work on an average of 10.5 hours in the garment factory, but they receive an average salary less than Tk. 6500 per month. Already the government fixed the minimum wages for their better standard of living. But it is not sufficient for the garment works to live in Dhaka city. The government should take steps to improve the wage structure and living conditions as well as socio-economic situations of garments workers.

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References

Bangladesh Garments Manufacturing and Exporters Association (BGMEA). (2013-2014). Bangladesh Garment Manufacturers and Exporters Association, Members’ Directory, 2013-2014.

Islam, M. K., & Zahid, D. (2012). Socioeconomic deprivation and garment worker movement in Bangladesh: A sociological analysis. American Journal of Sociological Research, 2(4), 82-89.
Published
2019-12-27
How to Cite
Kader, S. A., Zayed, N. M., Khan, S., Islam, K. M. A., & Siddiki, M. N. A. (2019). An Analysis of Socio-Economic Condition of Female Readymade Garments’ (RMG) Workers in Dhaka City. The Millennium University Journal , 4(1), 12-20. Retrieved from http://www.themillenniumuniversity.edu.bd/journal/index.php/TMUJ/article/view/26
Section
Research Articles