An Analysis of Socio-Economic Condition of Female Readymade Garments’ (RMG) Workers in Dhaka City
The RMG sector of Bangladesh is playing a vital role to generate massive employment, particularly a significant portion of female workers are engaged in this sector. Therefore, this industry is treated as a leading contributor to generating female employment in Bangladesh. Before analyzing the living condition of the RMG female workers, we should have to know about the income of the RMG female workers. Study shows that 42% of female RMG workers are satisfied, and 16% of the workers are dissatisfied, and 31% of the workers do express their opinion regarding their earning. In most case, female workers is the only one earning members in the family Satisfaction level of the workers is a subjective judgment. The housing condition of female workers in Dhaka city is not well at all. In our survey observed that the maximum number of the garments workers stay in the rural and overcrowded area in Dhaka city like workers who live in Hazaribag, Kamrangirchor, who works in the factory located at Panthapath. The workers of RMG sectors are involved in the direct physical effort every day. According to the Bangladesh Labor Act of 2006, the maximum working hours of garment workers is 8 hours. But they have to work over 8 hours per day. But most of the female workers have to work over 8 hours. This has a look at indicates that that female garment workers in Dhaka city are doing work on an average of 10.5 hours in the garment factory, but they receive an average salary less than Tk. 6500 per month. Already the government fixed the minimum wages for their better standard of living. But it is not sufficient for the garment works to live in Dhaka city. The government should take steps to improve the wage structure and living conditions as well as socio-economic situations of garments workers.
Islam, M. K., & Zahid, D. (2012). Socioeconomic deprivation and garment worker movement in Bangladesh: A sociological analysis. American Journal of Sociological Research, 2(4), 82-89.
Copyright (c) 2019 Sheikh Abdul Kader, Nurul Mohammad Zayed, Sunjida Khan, K. M. Anwarul Islam, Md Nurul Amin Siddiki
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